OCRCC Supports C16: An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code
Press release: Bill C-16 An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code aims to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination. The enactment also amends the Criminal Code to extend the protection against hate propaganda set out in that Act to any section of the public that is distinguished by gender identity or expression and to clearly set out that evidence that an offence was motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on gender identity or expression constitutes an aggravating circumstance that a court must take into consideration when it imposes a sentence.
We are writing in support of Bill C-16, an act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code, adding gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination. We include the Ontario Coalition of Rape Crisis Centers, the Ottawa Coalition to End Violence Against Women, Ontario Association of Interval and Transition Houses, Ryerson University Office of Sexual Violence Support and Education, and Women’s Health in Women’s Hands Community Health Centre.
It is disconcerting that the hearings for C-16 only included one representative from sexual violence prevention and support services. Violence against women, sexual violence and gender based violence organizations are not a monolithic group. The testimony provided by a rape crisis centre/shelter at the C-16 hearing on May 10th does not represent or align with organizational practices of many of sexual violence and violence against women services. This testimony perpetuated harmful myths about trans and gender diverse people, including that trans women are not real women and that trans people are not subjected to gendered violence. Trans women are women, and trans, two-spirit and gender diverse people are, in fact, at heightened risk for sexual violence.
Barriers such as harassment in schools, discrimination in employment and housing, as well as familial and peer rejection, create the economic and institutional conditions for homelessness, gender-based discrimination and risk of violence. In Ontario alone, 20 percent of trans people experience physical or sexual assault due to their identity, and 34 percent are subjected to verbal threats or harassment.
As individuals and organizations committed to ending gender-based violence in Canada, we wish to see a concerted effort to support all survivors — including trans, two-spirit and gender diverse people. Contrary to the suggestion that this bill will threaten “female born” women only spaces, such as rape crisis centers or shelters, we assert that C-16 will enable a necessary shift in service provision, removing some of the barriers trans, two-spirit and gender diverse people face when accessing supports. In Ontario, there are sexual assault centres and shelters beginning this work by developing trans-inclusion policies and providing training for staff to ensure trans and gender diverse survivors have necessary access to their services.
Bill C-16 will bolster efforts to ensure sexual violence support services are available to all survivors of violence across Canada. This bill affirms the importance of equity and safety for trans, two-spirit and gender diverse people, sending a clear message that they will be heard and supported. We call on the Senate to take leadership on this issue by supporting C-16 to demonstrate your commitment to equity for all Canadians.
- Ontario Coalition of Rape Crisis Centres www.sexualassaultsupport.ca
- Ottawa Coalition to End Violence Against Women www.octevaw-cocvff.ca
- Ontario Association of Interval and Transition Houses www.oaith.ca
- Office of Sexual Violence Support and Education, Ryerson University www.ryerson.ca/sexual-violence
- Women’s Health in Women’s Hands, Community Health Centre www.whiwh.com
- Canadian Women’s Foundation www.canadianwomen.org
- YWCA Canada ywcacanada.ca